Compiled by Randolph Trumbach
NOTE: The Westminster Rolls are complete; but 33 rolls are unfit to use for 1770-1779, mainly Middlesex; 1777, 1778, 1779 for Middlesex are okay: 1776 is mostly missing, and parts of 1770-1775 are missing, 1770-1776 are problematic; 1777-1779 are more or less okay. The missing rolls are: 3235, 3236 (August-October 1770); 3238, 3239 (January, February 1771); 3241, 3242 (March 1771); 3244 (1771); 3247 (June 1771); 3253 (May, June 1772); 3256, 3257, 3258, 3259 (July-September 1772); 3265 (May 1773) 3268, 3269, 3270, 3272 (June-November 1773); 3277 (April 1774); 3285 (October-November 1774); 3291, 3292 (1775); 3302, 3304, 3308, 3309, 3310, 3313, 3314, 3315, 3316, 3317 (so, most of 1776 is missing); 3380 (late 1779).
The names in parentheses are those who stood bail for the accused; usually their addresses and occupations are given, from which we may be able to infer the social status of the accused and their place of residence or work. The names of the accused have been highlighted in bold. The 46 cases of accusations for malemale sodomy are numbered for convenience; numbers have not been allocated for two cases of alleged bestiality, one case of apparent malefemale sodomy, one case of assault involving calling someone a bugger, and one case of blackmail.
No. of Cases per Year (not persons; some cases have two people)
1770: 6 (involving 7 men)
[Grand totals: 46 cases (involving 49 men); plus 1 case of bestiality, 1 case of heterosexual sodomy and 1 case of blackmail]
London Metropolitan Archive / January 1770-December MJ/SR
Roll 3221 (January)
1) Recognizance. 440: Christian Van Teijlengen, bona for £20 (John Foster, Piccadilly, coachmaker, £20, Bartholomew Arlett, Bond Street coachmaster), complaint of (sic), sodomitical assault 29 December 1769 Thomas Kynaston, magistrate.
2) Recognizance. 93: James Runchman, Holborn, Fruiterer, £20, complaint, Alexander Lockey, sodomitical assault (Ralph Rauton, Holborn, Victualler, John Spence, Vere Street, dentist, £10 ea) 12 October 1769 W. Kelynge, magistrate.
3) Recogizance. 320; Samuel Drybutter, complaint Samuel Morris for sodomitical assault (James Drybutter, Beauford Buildings, St. Clement Danes, gentleman, £20, Andrew Marks, Maddox Street, St. George Hanover Square, tailor, £20) 23 January 1770 G. Wright, magistrate.
4) Call Over July Session, 1770
5) Recognizance. 27: Josiah Brook, complaint William Hartle for sodomitical assault (Benjamin Senior, at Captain Harperís in the Savoy, £20, Thomas Bidy, Snowís Rents, Westminster, £20) 5 May 1770 Thomas Kynaston, magistrate.
6) House of Correction Clerkenwell, (10 September 1770)
[House of Correction Calendar 1771]
8) Recognizance. 45; Christopher Irwin, St. Martinís Lane, £20, complaint of John Hill for sodomitical assault (John Gardner, Dukeís Court, St. Martinís Lane, victualler, £10, Elizabeth Bacon, High Street, St. Giles, £10) 13 August 1771 Thomas Kynaston, magistrate.
9) Bond. Terrence Magee, Shadwell Dock, St. Paul Shadwell, ballastman, £20, evidence against William Williams for sodomitical assault 2 December 1771 John Sherwood came and prosecuted.
London Metropolitan Archive / January-December 1772 MJ/SR
Recognizance. 186; William Wilford, Tower Hill, gentleman, £40 (John Farrel, Covent Garden, orange merchant, £20, William Moule, King Street, Covent Gardent, vintner, £20) complaint of Elizabeth Jones, for assaulting her with intent to commit sodomitical practices on her body 4 January 1772 W. Kelynge, magistrate.
10) Recognizance. 253: Samuel Biggs, Little Marybone St., Labourer, £20 (George Campbell, Lower Grosvenor Street, upholsterer, £20) complaint Thomas Davis for sodomitical assault 31 March 1770 (sic 1772?) G. Wright, magistrate.
11) Recognizance. 260: John Blake (John Thorp, Long Lane, St. Georgeís Hanover Square, tanner, Mary Pearce, Jervin Street, Cripplegate, London) complaint James Clark for sodomitical assault 10 May 1772 G. Wright, magistrate.
12) Recogizance. : Henry Surrey, St. Martinís Street, Leicester Fields, Staymaker, and William Briggs, Off Alley, York Buildings, silk dyer give evidence against John Chivers and William Murphy for attempting to commit sodomitical acts in each otherís bodies 28 July 1772 John Fielding, magistrate.
London Metropolitan Archive /  MJ/SR
12) Recognizance. 184: John Chivers (Charles Turner, Cateaton Street, St. Lawrence Jewry, London, carpenter, Joseph Rowe, Church Passage, of same, painter) for sodomitical assault on William Murphy 22 July 1772 Samuel Wright, magistrate.
London Metropolitan Archive / January-December 1773 MJ/SR
Bond. Henry Wright, Tothill Fields, victualler, £20, evidence against Drew Deadman for buggery with a cow 24 March 1773 W. Kelynge, magistrate came and prosecuted.
Bridewell Call Out: April 1773
13) Henry Formes, Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, gentleman, evidence against John Grant for sodomitical assault 24 March 1773 W. Kelynge, magistrate came and prosecuted ignoramus.
14) John Taylor, Tottenham Court Road, upholsterer, £40, evidence against Edward Fishar, for sodomitical assault 6 February 1773 John Fielding, magistrate came and prosecuted ignoramus.
15) Ralph Williams, gentleman and high constable Westminster, £20, John Spence, St Jamesís counstable, £20, evidence against Thomas Smith for sodomitical assault on Spence 17 February 1773 John Fielding, magistrate came and prosecuted.
16) Recognizance. 256: John Batten, complaint Godfrey Walley, attempt to seduce Godfrey to sodomitical practices, intending to commit with him the detestable sin of sodomy, and putting his private parts into the hands of Godfrey (John Ellis, Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell, sadler; John Thomas, John Street, Clerkenwell, bricklayer, £40 each) 26 April 1773 W Kelynge, magistrate.
London Metropolitan Archive /  MJ/SR
17) George Watson at Mr. Cookís, Queen Ann Street, Marylebone, victualler, a minor, Thomas Pickering, of same, chairman, Edward Thomas of same, cordwainer, evidence against Robert Goodchild for assaulting and several times attempting sodomy on George Watson 26 October, 1772 George Mercer made default, esp. sine die.
18) John Gerard, Litchfield Street, St. Annís, gentleman, Jane Lever, of the Poorhouse, St. Annís, widow, Elizabeth Crahan, of same, widow, evidence against David Faulkner for sodomitical assault on John Bourne 1 November 1773 Saunders Welch, magistrate came and prosecuted.
London Metropolitan Archive / January-December 1774 MJ/SR
19) Richard Gurney, William Penryfeather, James Bartlett, of New Brentford, shoemaker, £100 each evidence against Thomas Plater for sodomy on the body of Richard Gurney, his apprentice, eighteen months ago, and for assaulting him this day 2 April 1774 John Drinkwater, magistrate.
19)a) Daniel Saunders New Brentford, Middlesex, shoemaker, evidence against Thomas Plater, for sodomy on the body of Richard Gurney, about eighteen months ago, and also for assaulting Gurney this day 2 April 1774 John Drinkwater, magistrate.
20) Recognizance. 194: Francis Hays, complaint Charles Gordon, for sodomitical assault (Thomas Brown, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, chandler, Thomas Carter, Great Russell St., Covent Gardent, chairman, £20 each) 17 June 1774 W. Kelynge, magistrate.
20)a) Bond. Charles Gordon, Angel Court, Strand, labourer, give evidence against Francis Hayes, for sodomitical assault 15 June 1774 Sampson Wright, magistrate made default.
21) Recognizance. 359: Samuel Drybutter, of Bridge St. Westminster, gentleman, £100, complaint of Junius Simms, of sodomitical assault (David White, Princes Street, Red Lion Square, silkmercer, £50; Frances Pierpoint, Godfrey Row, Lambeth Marsh, exchange broker, £50) 6 July 1774 Sampson Wright, magistrate.
London Metropolitan Archive / January-December 1775 MJ/SR
No sodomy cases
London Metropolitan Archive / January-December 1776 MJ/SR
22) Recognizance. 407: James Franklin, Salisbury Court, Fleet Street, £40 (Cuthbert Heron, Salisbury Court, victualler, £20, Samuel Hatton, One Tun, Strand, victualler, £20) complaint of Thomas Turner of assault for buggery 11 December 1775 T. Treslove, magistrate.
23) Recognizance. 345: Samuel Foote, Esq., Great Suffolk Street, Charing Cross, £200 (William Jewell, Brompton, Mdx, Gentleman, £80, James Canter, Vine Street, Piccadilly, painter, £80) Complaint John Laugiter, for sodomitical practices, to wit, taking hold of the private parts of the said John Laugiter and using great indecencies therewith 6 May 1776 Sampson Wright, & John Fielding, magistrates.
24) Bond. Thomas Horton, 1st Reg Foot Guards, at the Horns in Brewer Street, evidence against Thomas Curry, of assault to commit buggery 9 July 1776 T. Treslove, magistrate.
25) Recognizance. 177: David Withington, al[ia]s Wilmot (David Davis, 6 Great Marybone Street, smith, £40; Dove Ash, High Street, Marybone, Grocer, £40) complaint of John Stacey for sodomitical assault 8 July 1776 Jonathan Durden, magistrate.
London Metropolitan Archive /  MJ/SR
26) Recognizance. 334: Thomas Pair, at Hicks Hall, complaint of Michael Hall and others for assaulting him with attempt to commit sodomy on Hall 11 November 1776 (2 sureties on a victualler, £40 each).
London Metropolitan Archive / January-December 1777 MJ/SR
27) Tothill Fields Bridewell Callover, January 1777 # 27. James Othwell, complaint of Anthony Loome for assaulting him for sodomitical practices, 2 December.
28) Recognizance. 33: John Farley, Holywell Lane, Shoreditch, Labourer, for the appearance of his son Joseph; Ava Reynolds of Henry Street, Old Street, widow to give evidence against William Slater for attempting buggery 10 December 1776 J. Wilmot, magistrate - Indicted.
29) Recognizance 12: John Morgan at Mrs. Billingtonís, Drury Lane, plumber; William Wigstead at Mr. Deviantsí, Great Wyld Street, St Giles; Thomas Forbler, the corner of Ragged Staff Court, Drury Lane, baker to give evidence against Thomas Johnson for sodomitical assault on John Morgan 9 December 1776 John Croft, magistrate Indicted.
30) Recognizance. 11: Thomas Easton, 2 Pontman Mews, St. Marylebone, painter; and John Slade, of same, silkman to give evidence against Benjamin Godfrey for sodomitical assault on Eaton 14 December 1776 J. Hubbard, magistrate made default.
31) Bridewell Call Over (Tothill Fields), April 1777 # 28. Joseph Lane, committed by C Martin, on oath of William Lewis, for sodomitical assault 17 March.
32) Bond. William Hodges, at Col. Arnoldís, Grafton St., St. George Hanover Square to give evidence against John Weston for sodomitical assault at St. George Hanover Square Parish 20 March 1777 Jan. Mackin, magistrate to be estreated.
Recognizance. 163: William Smith, of Hammersmith, gardner, £20 (William Church of Acton, farmer, £40) Complaint of Edmond Cal [zed Esq.?] for assaulting, threatening to beat him, and calling him a bugger 1 March 1777 Henry Lamb, magistrate.
33) Bond. Joseph Hennings, High Street, St. Giles, £20, labourer, to give evidence against (sic), for sodomitical attempt James Barrett 10 September 1777 M. Addington, magistrate.
34) Bond. John Allen (a minor) at Mrs. Frostsí, Charlotte Street, St. Pancras, upon pain of imprisonment, Jonathan Allen at Mr. Stockís, John Street, St. Pancras £20 to give evidence against George Bennett for sodomitical assault on John Allen at St. Pancras 24 July 1777 John Cox, magistrate respited sine die.
35) Recognizance. 264: Lewis Lambert, 120 Strand, in the Savoy Precinct, stationer, £40, complaint of William Miller, on 26 August, of sodomitical attempt (John Christie, Northumberland Street, St. Martinís, carpenter £20; Thomas Feltiem, 49 Strand, St. Martin, Glassgrinder, £20) 27 August 1777 John Machin, magistrate.
London Metropolitan Archive / January-December 1778 MJ/SR
36) Recognizance. 225: James Nichols, King Street, Drury Lane, victualler, £40 complaints of Michael Connor, for sodomitical assault 4 February 1778 Addington, magistrate.
Call Over July Session, 1778
37) #49. Thomas Stockwell, oath of William Powell, for sodomitical assault.
38) #50. William Williams, oath of John Philips, for sodomitical assault.
39) Recognizance. 346: Christopher Irwine, complaint of William Armstead for attempting sodomy (Thomas Hogg, Bare Street, Leicester Fields, chandler, £20, William Bupen, Berwick Street, St. James, silk dyer, £20) 17 June 1778 Robert Elliot, magistrate.
40) Recognizance. 421: John Ware, complaint of George Welch for assault and indecently seizing hold of his private parts (David Spiers, Peter Street, Westminster, coachmaker, £20; James Wood, Red Lion, Cockspur Street, Charing Cross, victualer, £20) 2 October 1778 Jonathan Durden, magistrate.
41) Recognizance. 347: Thomas Johnson, on complaints of Timothy Sotheran, for sodomitical attempt; Johnson at 3 Portland Street, Marylebone, gentleman £80 (David Findlay, 6 Crown Court, Russell St, Covent Garden, Gentleman £40, Henry Eccleston, Great Newport Street, victualler £40) 24 August 1778.
42) Recognizance. 333: Charles Taylor, 29 Marybone St. Piccadilly, gentleman, £100, complaint of William Williams, for attempting sodomy (William Hancock, 132 Oxford Street, yeomean in the Guards, £50; Simon Houston, Marybon Street, apothecary, £50) 7 October 1778.
39) Recognizance. 118: John Weston, complaint of Robert Armstrong, for thrusting his hand into Armstrongís breeches, with intent to commit sodomitical practices on his body (Edward Kent, Paul Street, Grosvenor Square, coal merchant, £40; William Whitroe, Strutton Ground, Westminster, cabinetmaker, £40) 2 November 1778 Jonathan Durden, magistrate.
Roll 3368 [Blackmail]
Tothill Fields Bridewell Call Over, April 1779
c) Stephen Parsons, give evidence against William Lessingham and James Pollard they got £13 by threats to swear sodomy against him 23 January 1779 J. Reid, magistrate.
d) Parsons £40 (surety £40) against Wm Lessington 40 shillings threats to swear sodomy 23 January 1779 Geo Reid, magistrate.
44) Bond. James Staines of Hackney, Ann Clay of Bethnal Green, £40 each, give evidence against Sargent Pearson and Thomas Custis, for sodomitical practices 19 March 1779 Charles Shippard, magistrate.
45) William Newton, of General Graigís Company, First Guards, £20, evidence against Joseph Saxton for sodomitical assault 19 July 1779.
46) William Allen of Coldstream Reg. of Footguards, soldier £20 give evidence against John Moore for assaulting him whilst in bed with the said William Allen and behaving indecently with his privities 29 September 1779.
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